CXL 2.0 Support For Linux Moves Past "RFC" Phase

Written by Michael Larabel in Hardware on 31 January 2021 at 07:38 AM EST. Add A Comment
Immediately following the CXL 2.0 specification being made public in November, Intel developers began posting Linux enablement patches for CXL 2.0 with an initial focus on type-3 memory device support. It's looking like that CXL 2.0 enablement work is now closer to being mainlined in the Linux kernel.

The initial discussion and review of those CXL 2.0 / type-3 memory device support patches were sent out under a "request for comments" (RFC) flag as is common for early stage patches that are still a work-in-progress and particularly when the design may change pending feedback from other developers. Sent out on Friday now were the latest CXL 2.0 patches and have moved past that RFC phase.

The newest CXL 2.0 support patches for Linux have improved error messages, fixes for when building under the Clang compiler rather than GCC, additional code comments / documentation, more commands being added to the mailbox interface, and additional low-level changes.

The CXL 2.0 type-3 memory device support being fleshed out first is for serving as a memory expander for RAM or persistent memory and can optionally be interleaved with other CXL devices. While CXL 2.0 hardware will be coming down the pipe, this early Linux bring-up has been done by leveraging emulation in conjunction with QEMU. QEMU patches are pending for emulating CXL 2.0 type-3 memory device support to aide in this early work and testing.

These latest CXL 2.0 support patches for the Linux kernel can be found at With CXL 1.x hardware not expected to begin appearing widespread until at least later this calendar year, it's still looking like CXL 2.0 hardware won't be common in servers until 2023~2024 at the earliest. Thus there is still plenty of time to get the complete CXL 2.0 Linux support in order and working its way out to enterprise Linux distributions.
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Michael Larabel is the principal author of and founded the site in 2004 with a focus on enriching the Linux hardware experience. Michael has written more than 20,000 articles covering the state of Linux hardware support, Linux performance, graphics drivers, and other topics. Michael is also the lead developer of the Phoronix Test Suite, Phoromatic, and automated benchmarking software. He can be followed via Twitter, LinkedIn, or contacted via

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