Looking At The Linux Performance Two Years After Spectre / Meltdown Mitigations
GraphicsMagick for performing imaging operations is one of the many real-world programs impacted by these mitigations. At least with the Core i9 10980XE the performance difference is minimal.
Code compilation is another real-world affected Linux workload. With the i9-10980XE its performance was not impaired and delivered a mesmerizing 41 second build time.
Hackbench for evaluating the Linux kernel's scheduler performance continues with sizable hits to the performance for CPUs lacking hardware-based mitigations.
SQLite is used countless applications and its performance still shows very real hits to the performance from the default mitigations.