Linux 4.19 I/O Scheduler SSD Benchmarks With Kyber, BFQ, Deadline, CFQ

Written by Michael Larabel in Hardware on 29 November 2018 at 01:30 PM EST. 23 Comments
As it has been a while since last running some Linux I/O scheduler benchmarks, here are some fresh results while using the new Linux 4.19 stable kernel and tests carried out from a 500GB Samsung 860 EVO SATA 3.0 SSD within a 2P EPYC Dell PowerEdge R7425 Linux server.

Given the uptick in I/O scheduler interest from Phoronix readers recently with Endless OS switching over to the BFQ I/O scheduler while the CK patch set dropped this Budget Fair Queuing I/O scheduler, here are some fresh benchmarks of the different options.

Using the Linux 4.19 stable kernel running with Ubuntu 18.10 on this 2P AMD EPYC server, CFQ was tested as the default I/O scheduler on Ubuntu systems followed by deadline and noop. After switching over to the multi-queue block layer code (BLK MQ), the MQ-Deadline, Kyber (the Facebook developed I/O scheduler), BFQ (including low_latency run), and no I/O scheduler in the MQ mode were tested.
Linux 4.19 I/O Scheduler Performance

A variety of Linux benchmarks were carried out with these different I/O scheduler options on the current stable kernel.
Linux 4.19 I/O Scheduler Performance

Cutting to the chase, winning most often with this Samsung 860 SSD storage on the Dell PowerEdge AMD server was the deadline I/O scheduler with 9 out of 26 wins. The other scheduler options each four wins or less. It was interesting to note though many performance regressions still along the MQ code paths for this SATA 3.0 testing. I'll be carrying out some NVMe tests soon although in most cases having no I/O scheduler is generally quite effective we have seen some upsets with using Facebook-developed Kyber, for example. Those wishing to dig through more data can find all of the benchmark data via
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Michael Larabel

Michael Larabel is the principal author of and founded the site in 2004 with a focus on enriching the Linux hardware experience. Michael has written more than 20,000 articles covering the state of Linux hardware support, Linux performance, graphics drivers, and other topics. Michael is also the lead developer of the Phoronix Test Suite, Phoromatic, and automated benchmarking software. He can be followed via Twitter, LinkedIn, or contacted via

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