Further Investigating The Raspberry Pi 32-bit vs. 64-bit Performance
Using the 64-bit Raspberry Pi OS on the Raspberry Pi 400 certainly paid off for many workloads...
Some tests like simdjson for speedy JSON parsing saw multiple times better performance when being able to target ARMv8 rather than ARMv7.
The OpenJDK Java performance was largely the same.
Same for some operations within the Lua-scripted LuaRadio software defined radio software suite.