Debian GNU/Hurd 2023 Released

Written by Michael Larabel in Debian on 12 June 2023 at 08:00 AM EDT. 39 Comments
Following this weekend's release of Debian 12.0, the Debian GNU Hurd port has been released that rather than utilizing the Linux kernel is making use of GNU Hurd.

Debian GNU/Hurd 2023 has been released as an unofficial release for this Debian variant relying on GNU Hurd rather than the Linux kernel. It's akin to the since defunct Debian GNU/kFreeBSD that formerly provided the Debian user-space but with the FreeBSD kernel. In the Debian GNU/Hurd case it's even less practical due to the many limitations of Hurd and its primitive hardware support.

Given the Hurd limitations, Debian GNU/Hurd is mostly practical in VMs.

Debian GNU/Hurd is currently available for i386 and can build around 65% of the Debian archive. Since the prior Debian GNU/Hurd release, APIC, SMP, and 64-bit support has improved a lot but is still a work-in-progress. The rump-based userland disk driver has also been improved and there has also been many fixes.

Debian GNU/Hurd has improved a bit over the past decade since last time testing it but is still very much limited and niche compared to Debian GNU/Linux.

More details on the Debian GNU/Hurd 2023 release via
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