IBM Turns To More Optimizations For Linux On POWER10
Written by Michael Larabel in Linux Kernel on 25 April 2021 at 06:02 AM EDT. 6 Comments
LINUX KERNEL --
With it appearing all the essentials are in place for IBM POWER10 Linux support, in recent days we have seen an uptick in patches from IBM engineers working on POWER10 performance optimizations.

The big one to call out this week are wake_affine improvements to sched/fair. After IBM found "the benchmark numbers on POWER10 were lesser than expected" they traced part of that back to the Linux scheduling code.

Due to the POWER10 L2 cache being at the core level, some tuning to sched/fair was done for POWER10 including a preference of idle CPU cores to cache affinity. This set of patches plus this earlier patch series from the start of April appears to pay off. The earlier series was in ensuring that the L2 cache is correctly discovered and setting the last-level cache (LLC) domain to the SMT sched-domain.

These patches appear to be paying off with cases like the Java DayTrader benchmark showing 44% higher throughput.Synthetic scheduling benchmarks were also paying off. But these patches still need to be further reviewed and also haven't yet been tested against existing POWER9 hardware to ensure no regressions. These patches are too late to see for Linux 5.13 but perhaps later this year with the 5.14 kernel will be ready.

There have also been other smaller patches throughout the Linux/open-source ecosystem in recent days and weeks like Glibc optimizing Strlen for POWER10. Yes, some nice improvements even for the string length function.

IBM POWER10 systems are expected to begin reaching customers at the end of the calendar year so expect more tuning in the months ahead.
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Michael Larabel is the principal author of Phoronix.com and founded the site in 2004 with a focus on enriching the Linux hardware experience. Michael has written more than 20,000 articles covering the state of Linux hardware support, Linux performance, graphics drivers, and other topics. Michael is also the lead developer of the Phoronix Test Suite, Phoromatic, and OpenBenchmarking.org automated benchmarking software. He can be followed via Twitter or contacted via MichaelLarabel.com.

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