Benchmarking The Performance Of PHP 5.5
With version 5.5 of the common PHP server-side language due for release soon, here's some interesting benchmarks showing off the performance of PHP 5.5 compared to the earlier 5.4, 5.3, and 5.2 releases of this popular scripting language.
PHP 5.5 is a major release to this programming language update that's due out soon. Aside from introducing the new Zend Opcache extension by default, it also adds in an array_column() function, various bug-fixes, support for non-scalar Iterator keys in the foreach() function, PCRE 8.32, and tons of bug-fixes and other improvements.
For some initial benchmarking of PHP 5.5, the performance of some common Phoronix Test Suite operations were compared. With the Git code it's as simple as PHP_BIN=/location/to/php phoronix-test-suite debug-self-test to run several tests of common Phoronix Test Suite code-paths and to time their completion.
The debug-self-test command isn't meant for benchmarking per se like the rest of the Phoronix Test Suite itself, but mostly is a utility for stressing common Phoronix Test Suite code-paths of the automated testing framework itself and not the actual benchmarks you generally see on Phoronix. It's just testing the framework that allows for the benchmarking to happen with timing (and unit testing) operations like listing available tests/suites, rendering SVG graph files from the XML result file sample data, converting result data into a text dump, and other common tasks.
With the Phoronix Test Suite being around 58k lines of PHP code as a command-line application, it's a good stress of PHP itself with it extensively using objects, the various file I/O functions, string functions, the Document Object Model (DOM), and many other core PHP functions.
With using PHP 5.5.0 Beta 2, PHP 5.4.13, PHP 5.3.23, and PHP 5.2.17, the Phoronix Test Suite performance for its basic commands were compared.
The test system was running Ubuntu 12.04.2 LTS with the Linux 3.5 kernel. The hardware was an Apple MacBook Pro with Intel Core i5 520M processor.
With this test, each operation was carried out three times and the time averaged. For all testing, the same php.ini configuration file was used as was the PHP builds all happening from source using the same configure switches. Here's the raw PHP 5.5 performance data:
PHP 5.5.0beta2 DETAILED_SYSTEM_INFO: 0.104 seconds LIST_AVAILABLE_TESTS: 0.379 seconds LIST_AVAILABLE_SUITES: 43.937 seconds INFO: 0.014 seconds CLONE_OPENBENCHMARKING_RESULT: 122.711 seconds RESULT_FILE_TO_TEXT: 13.044 seconds DIAGNOSTICS: 0.003 seconds DUMP_POSSIBLE_OPTIONS: 0.003 seconds ELAPSED TIME: 540.585 seconds PEAK MEMORY USAGE: 35.75 MB PEAK MEMORY USAGE (emalloc): 32.607 MB PHP 5.4.13 DETAILED_SYSTEM_INFO: 0.100 seconds LIST_AVAILABLE_TESTS: 0.369 seconds LIST_AVAILABLE_SUITES: 33.157 seconds INFO: 0.014 seconds CLONE_OPENBENCHMARKING_RESULT: 123.430 seconds RESULT_FILE_TO_TEXT: 12.614 seconds DIAGNOSTICS: 0.002 seconds DUMP_POSSIBLE_OPTIONS: 0.001 seconds ELAPSED TIME: 509.066 seconds PEAK MEMORY USAGE: 34.5 MB PEAK MEMORY USAGE (emalloc): 32.776 MB PHP 5.3.23 DETAILED_SYSTEM_INFO: 0.105 seconds LIST_AVAILABLE_TESTS: 0.351 seconds LIST_AVAILABLE_SUITES: 31.991 seconds INFO: 0.013 seconds CLONE_OPENBENCHMARKING_RESULT: 127.437 seconds RESULT_FILE_TO_TEXT: 13.217 seconds DIAGNOSTICS: 0.003 seconds DUMP_POSSIBLE_OPTIONS: 0.002 seconds ELAPSED TIME: 519.356 seconds PEAK MEMORY USAGE: 49.5 MB PEAK MEMORY USAGE (emalloc): 48.687 MB PHP 5.2.17 DETAILED_SYSTEM_INFO: 0.245 seconds LIST_AVAILABLE_TESTS: 0.599 seconds LIST_AVAILABLE_SUITES: 49.462 seconds INFO: 0.154 seconds CLONE_OPENBENCHMARKING_RESULT: 121.991 seconds RESULT_FILE_TO_TEXT: 12.858 seconds DIAGNOSTICS: 0.375 seconds DUMP_POSSIBLE_OPTIONS: 0.186 seconds ELAPSED TIME: 557.61 seconds PEAK MEMORY USAGE: 52.25 MB PEAK MEMORY USAGE (emalloc): 51.025 MBFrom these results, the performance of PHP has improved between PHP 5.2 and 5.5 The debug-self-test operation took a total of 540 seconds on PHP 5.5.0 Beta 2 while on PHP 5.2 it came in at 557 seconds. However, between PHP 5.4.13 and 5.5.0 Beta 2 the performance has regressed, going from 509 seconds to 540 seconds. The main slowdown appears to be with the phoronix-test-suite list-available-suites command taking noticeably more time on PHP 5.5. The list-available-suites command mostly comes down to mostly file I/O and string-related calls.
When it comes to the peak memory usage (as measured through the memory_get_peak_usage() call), the memory usage on PHP 5.4/5.5 is also much better than its predecessors. The peak memory usage during this test was about 35MB while on PHP 5.2/5.3 it was hovering around 50MB.
While PHP 5.4 offered lots of performance improvements over PHP 5.3, in a stock configuration it seems to be less of an impact, at least for the real-world workload produced by the Phoronix Test Suite PHP framework. More tests looking at toggling and tuning the new Zend Optimizer+ and other tunables will be saved for another article. The performance of Facebook's HipHop HHVM will also be tested in a separate article soon.