Glibc's Usage Of Performance-Boosting "RSEQ" Is Still Coming Together

Written by Michael Larabel in GNU on 25 March 2020 at 02:09 AM EDT. 1 Comment
GNU --
Introduced into the Linux 4.18 kernel back in June 2018 was the new RSEQ system call for "Restartable Sequences" to provide faster user-space operations on per-CPU data by avoiding atomic operations updates. Sadly, seeing user-space make use of RSEQ has been a slow process.

Restartable Sequences can make for faster querying of the current CPU number, incrementing per-CPU counters, modifying data protected by per-CPU spinlocks, writing/reading per-CPU ring buffers, and similar operations. One of the big potential users of RSEQ that we've been waiting to see its adoption on has been the GNU C Library (Glibc).

Benchmarks of RSEQ can yield dramatic improvements and last year was hope on getting RSEQ-backed function support into Glibc 2.31 but sadly that didn't pan out. But patch work has continued by the likes of Mathieu Desnoyers.

On Monday was the latest version of a Glibc patch for making use of RSEQ for sched_getcpu(), the call to determine the CPU core on which the calling thread is executing.

By making use of the RSEQ system call, the GNU C Library's sched_getcpu() can be 5.5x faster. Or if using an inline load of the CPU ID from __rseq_abi TLS is a 17.1x speed-up. Glibc would still fall-back to the existing behavior should it be on an older kernel without Restartable Sequences support.

Hopefully we'll see more RSEQ adoption within Glibc and elsewhere as the year progresses.
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Michael Larabel is the principal author of and founded the site in 2004 with a focus on enriching the Linux hardware experience. Michael has written more than 20,000 articles covering the state of Linux hardware support, Linux performance, graphics drivers, and other topics. Michael is also the lead developer of the Phoronix Test Suite, Phoromatic, and automated benchmarking software. He can be followed via Twitter, LinkedIn, or contacted via

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