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  • tictactic
    replied
    iMessage is made by Apple and worked on Apple devices for texting. This administration encourages you to send content, picture, video, sound, an area just like some other talking application. The most A energising thing about iMessage is that it is only accessible in iPhone and different devices of Apple.
    While the organisation was occupied with keeping his copyrights assert, Whatsapp came and took away the market from him. However numerous people incline toward iMessage over Whatsapp and visiting applications, this is the reason we are running with how to get iMessage for windows 10/8/7.
    iMessage For PC is now possible with our new and advanced step by step guide with Pictures. Now you can use iMessage on PC for sure. You can select any method out four described in the Guide. iMessage has an excellent utility of all-the-round connectivity.

    Leave a comment:


  • liam
    replied
    Originally posted by starshipeleven View Post
    You have already found the one I'd recommend. In-win.
    Fantastic. Thanks so much for the thumbs-up. I was definitely hesitant about this case since it didn't have many reviews and I've read about FAR too many nas cases, like this one, that run really hot (65C+).
    I think I'm going to go ahead and pull the trigger on this one.


    Here a FreeNAS thread about its speed
    https://forums.freenas.org/index.php...2-neo54.16854/
    Here the wiki with bios mods and other stuff http://n40l.wikia.com/wiki/HP_MicroServer_N40L_Wiki
    Yeah, so a Turion does look like it would be a bottleneck.
    Thanks so much for another great bit of info.

    Well, any other PC with proper sata expander support (i.e. with a pcie sata card that has that feature since it's not usually built-in in Intel chipsets) and drivers for the filesystem in the hard drives will be able to read and operate that just fine.
    As long as you are using linux desktop PCs, it's nearly as portable as a usb hard drive, lol.
    I thought as much, but, as you can probably tell, I can be a bit nervous about the data that I really care about

    Again, thank you for all the useful info!

    Best/Liam

    Leave a comment:


  • starshipeleven
    replied
    Originally posted by liam View Post
    That zyxel is actually perfect, as far as size goes. The best cases I've found have been these two:
    http://www.casetronic.com/corporates/141-c254.html
    http://www.in-win.com.tw/Server/zh/goods.php?cid=145
    I'm also considering some of the smaller fractal design and lian li offerings, but I'd really prefer having easy access to the hdd bays.
    You have already found the one I'd recommend. In-win.

    I've only managed to find one of these (a "new" one) for less than ~$450 on ebay, and that was from someone with less sales than I'm usually comfortable with (http://www.ebay.com/itm/HP-ProLiant-...cAAOSwGIRXbgz4).
    Here a FreeNAS thread about its speed
    https://forums.freenas.org/index.php...2-neo54.16854/
    Here the wiki with bios mods and other stuff http://n40l.wikia.com/wiki/HP_MicroServer_N40L_Wiki

    As for not finding flocks on ebay, eh, used market is volatile (it seems to be mostly available in australia atm). As for the one you found, as long as you use Paypal it should be fine.

    It's also unclear if the Turion would be a bottleneck for the hash.
    Kinda. That's the same for most gen8 miniservers too as the Intel processors in the affordable ones do not have AES acceleration either.

    I'm aware of these (thanks to someone else on these forums), and I'm not against them (since I've not bought any parts for this backup). My concern is that I would be completely relying on another system, which has seen A LOT more use, for these ultimate backups.
    It's probably not a reasonable concern, however
    Well, any other PC with proper sata expander support (i.e. with a pcie sata card that has that feature since it's not usually built-in in Intel chipsets) and drivers for the filesystem in the hard drives will be able to read and operate that just fine.
    As long as you are using linux desktop PCs, it's nearly as portable as a usb hard drive, lol.

    Leave a comment:


  • liam
    replied
    Originally posted by starshipeleven View Post
    Well, for me it needs to be usable or GTFO. Not necessarily feature-complete but must be stable and usable. Anything less is a failure.
    Depends on the use case, I would think.
    If the intent is to run btrfs volumes IN windows then, yeah, you want a fully functional solution.
    I thought the intent, however, was to just provide basic access to btrfs volumes from windows analogous to the fuse-ntfs use case, for instance.


    Good enough to support my general point.
    Well, it depends on whether or not they used that compatibility layer

    Uhm, for "case" you mean full NAS, right?
    Dammit, I've really had an issue with clearly communicating myself, recently.
    I mean a "case", as in: "I want to install the OS myself". I don't think I'm going to go with traditional RAID (well, I'll probably mirror it while I'm using just two disks, but once I add more disks I think I'll move to snapRAID since that doesn't have the perils associated with RAID rebuilds.

    The use case for this is that it is my actual backup to my always online raid-like storage array.
    The backup doesn't need to mirror everything, so it can afford to be smaller.

    Drobo is out because it uses a proprietary filesystem, it is basically a hardware raid.

    These are the brands I know something of:
    Synology and Qnap are the rockstars, many many features, tons of apps, easy to use, docs in many languages, but also more expensive. You don't seem to need them.
    Zyxel is aimed more at a geek-ish public, but has many apps.
    WD MyCloud devices are decent but lack any noteworthy feature beyond standard NAS featureset, and unless you go for single-core crap they are horrendosuly overpriced.

    Some models from each brand are lemons, some aren't. Need to evaluate each model from reviews, there is no "good brand" and "bad brand" as far as hardware design goes.

    I'd say to go with Zyxel's NAS540 based on good experiences with it (bigass 120mm fan), although it's probably not as small as you'd like (because bigass 120mm fan). It's around 230$.
    That zyxel is actually perfect, as far as size goes. The best cases I've found have been these two:
    http://www.casetronic.com/corporates/141-c254.html
    http://www.in-win.com.tw/Server/zh/goods.php?cid=145

    I'm also considering some of the smaller fractal design and lian li offerings, but I'd really prefer having easy access to the hdd bays.


    Another possibility is a HP microserver Gen7, these things sell for less than 200$ and are a small server with ecc ram and so on (up to 16GB supported, not officially anyway), there is also a very active community with a wiki still up, that hacked their bios to remove retarded HP restrictions and unlock another Sata port (used for a ODD bay which I'm not sure what the hell is doing in a headless system) and allow the usage of the esata port to extend the RAID too (total 6 sata ports).
    It's very liked by low-end FreeNAS users, and in general rapes any other 4-bay (and many 6-bay ones too) NAS under the sun as it has a decent AMD x86 processor instead of a meh ARM thing.
    There are also newer microservers from HP but they are more expensive.
    Wow, that's is pretty damn great info.
    I'd already looked at these (well, the gen8), and I'm still considering them, but I hadn't heard about the bios restrictions being "lifted" (those restrictions had been a big reason why I didn't just snatch one of these and call it a day).
    I've only managed to find one of these (a "new" one) for less than ~$450 on ebay, and that was from someone with less sales than I'm usually comfortable with (http://www.ebay.com/itm/HP-ProLiant-...cAAOSwGIRXbgz4). It's also unclear if the Turion would be a bottleneck for the hash.


    Quite frankly for your usecase (occasional backups and lives most of its life in storage and not in use, you basically want a bigass usb 3.0 hard drive, not a NAS) I'd say you should also look at an external enclosure with sata multiplier instead.

    While most 4-bay NAS devices nowadays can nearly saturate Gigabit with reads and have decent write speeds over simple samba, they still suck balls in backup speed over rsync and similar network backup. Speeds between 20 and 40 MB/s are common.

    With an external enclosure with a multiplier (NOT those that make a hardware raid) you just make a soft raid from your server and then use its vastly more powerful CPU to move data around.

    Like this thing for example, http://www.pc-pitstop.com/sata_port_...s/scsat05b.asp
    It's dumb as a brick so it's 5 external drives for 160$ .

    Although with external enclosures you usually need to use a pcie sata controller card that supports the feature, so you need to get one of such cards for 30-40$, and the price goes to the same as a NAS.
    I'm aware of these (thanks to someone else on these forums), and I'm not against them (since I've not bought any parts for this backup). My concern is that I would be completely relying on another system, which has seen A LOT more use, for these ultimate backups.
    It's probably not a reasonable concern, however

    Leave a comment:


  • starshipeleven
    replied
    Originally posted by liam View Post
    The fact that they got it working, even if only partially, makes me think preclude that possibility.
    Well, for me it needs to be usable or GTFO. Not necessarily feature-complete but must be stable and usable. Anything less is a failure.
    Honestly, I don't expect that port to ever support all of btrfs' features, and, I don't think, the dev expected that either.
    Likely. Windows filesystem drivers run in userspace (akin to FUSE on linux) unless they get the green light from MS and there is a lengthy process in that with money, companies, pages intentionally left blank and other fun corporate stuff. Probably the project is not more than a driver to read stuff off btrfs.

    I couldn't find any reference inthe uboot tree for any btrfs support (though it does support ZFS).
    Interesting. I was sure i read of patches for btrfs in its mailing list... but there is nothing. Nevermind.

    (though it does support ZFS).
    Good enough to support my general point.

    I'm looking for a SMALL 4 bay nas case to store, occasional, backups from my main file/media server. It needs to be small b/c I'm going to store it in an out of the way place when not being used.
    I've been looking for a long time to find something like those synology/drobo/qnap/etc. cases but the ones I've found seem to have issues (either with cooling or reliability).
    Do you have any info that could be useful in this search?
    Uhm, for "case" you mean full NAS, right?

    Drobo is out because it uses a proprietary filesystem, it is basically a hardware raid.

    These are the brands I know something of:
    Synology and Qnap are the rockstars, many many features, tons of apps, easy to use, docs in many languages, but also more expensive. You don't seem to need them.
    Zyxel is aimed more at a geek-ish public, but has many apps.
    WD MyCloud devices are decent but lack any noteworthy feature beyond standard NAS featureset, and unless you go for single-core crap they are horrendosuly overpriced.

    Some models from each brand are lemons, some aren't. Need to evaluate each model from reviews, there is no "good brand" and "bad brand" as far as hardware design goes.

    I'd say to go with Zyxel's NAS540 based on good experiences with it (bigass 120mm fan), although it's probably not as small as you'd like (because bigass 120mm fan). It's around 230$.

    Another possibility is a HP microserver Gen7, these things sell for less than 200$ and are a small server with ecc ram and so on (up to 16GB supported, not officially anyway), there is also a very active community with a wiki still up, that hacked their bios to remove retarded HP restrictions and unlock another Sata port (used for a ODD bay which I'm not sure what the hell is doing in a headless system) and allow the usage of the esata port to extend the RAID too (total 6 sata ports).
    It's very liked by low-end FreeNAS users, and in general rapes any other 4-bay (and many 6-bay ones too) NAS under the sun as it has a decent AMD x86 processor instead of a meh ARM thing.
    There are also newer microservers from HP but they are more expensive.


    Quite frankly for your usecase (occasional backups and lives most of its life in storage and not in use, you basically want a bigass usb 3.0 hard drive, not a NAS) I'd say you should also look at an external enclosure with sata multiplier instead.

    While most 4-bay NAS devices nowadays can nearly saturate Gigabit with reads and have decent write speeds over simple samba, they still suck balls in backup speed over rsync and similar network backup. Speeds between 20 and 40 MB/s are common.

    With an external enclosure with a multiplier (NOT those that make a hardware raid) you just make a soft raid from your server and then use its vastly more powerful CPU to move data around.

    Like this thing for example, http://www.pc-pitstop.com/sata_port_...s/scsat05b.asp
    It's dumb as a brick so it's 5 external drives for 160$ .

    Although with external enclosures you usually need to use a pcie sata controller card that supports the feature, so you need to get one of such cards for 30-40$, and the price goes to the same as a NAS.

    Leave a comment:


  • liam
    replied
    Originally posted by starshipeleven View Post
    To be fair, there is always the third possibility: "the dev has bitten more than it can chew".
    The fact that they got it working, even if only partially, makes me think preclude that possibility.
    Honestly, I don't expect that port to ever support all of btrfs' features, and, I don't think, the dev expected that either.

    Anyway, for the sake of providing more data points, there is a btrfs driver for UEFI bootloaders (afaik limited to read-only and can see only first volume of btrfs) and it works on my PC since that's bundled with rEFInd and I did try it on a btrfs opensuse install, and also for u-boot embedded bootloader (don't know the limitations, never used it myself, probably similar limitations)
    Apparently refind uses the btrfs implementation from grub2, but ported to work on the refind framework.
    I couldn't find any reference inthe uboot tree for any btrfs support (though it does support ZFS).

    It went more or less hand-in-hand with the growth of low-storage mobile devices like tablets and such. High-speed Internet is not common enough for the pure cloud approach to work.

    But the big boost was when the integrated ARM cpu stopped sucking big way, and they started turning their NAS things into miniservers that could install "apps" to expand functionality. Synology (best brand for non-technical users imho) official app store for example (there are also unofficial stores of unofficial apps): https://www.synology.com/en-us/dsm/app_packages/all_app

    Others technically lower-end ones like Zyxel saw their NAS firmwares systematically hacked to add applications by third parties.
    Showing an uncommon level of intelligence for an embedded device manufacturer, they swiftly adopted the same method themselves integrating the package installer in the firmware and hosting repos of "official" packages (also letting easy modification of the repo list so adding third party repos is now easy).
    It's so crucial now that when the lead dev of the third party repo told them on their forums that a specific thing (a technicality, a compilation option in 64k instead of 4k or something in the kernel) in their newer devices firmware (a 4-disk NAS box) would make package mainteneance much harder for them, Zyxel capitulated within months and removed that.

    Afaik it's since their "OS6", released in 2013 that they use btrfs as default. Thay claim they use code from Oracle Linux, so their btrfs is safe and production-ready. I don't believe any of that after fun experiences with their older nas products that modified their firmware's mdadm so as to render impossible recovery of the data without another of their NAS, but hey.
    That makes a lot of sense. Thanks for the background.
    I can't believe that netgear was selling btrfs as a product three years ago
    Also, great story about how they, basically, made mdadm act like hardware raid (where, if your card goes down, you lose your array unless you can get an identical replacement card). I'm sure neil brown loved that
    This is a bit off topic but you seem to know a bit about these things, so I hope you don't mind if I ask you a question: I'm looking for a SMALL 4 bay nas case to store, occasional, backups from my main file/media server. It needs to be small b/c I'm going to store it in an out of the way place when not being used.
    I've been looking for a long time to find something like those synology/drobo/qnap/etc. cases but the ones I've found seem to have issues (either with cooling or reliability).
    Do you have any info that could be useful in this search?

    Best/Liam

    Leave a comment:


  • liam
    replied
    Argh!
    The green scream of unapproved!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!1

    Leave a comment:


  • liam
    replied
    Originally posted by starshipeleven View Post
    To be fair, there is always the third possibility: "the dev has bitten more than it can chew".
    The fact that they got it working, even if only partially, makes me think preclude that possibility.
    Honestly, I don't expect that port to ever support all of btrfs' features, and, I don't think, the dev expected that either.

    Anyway, for the sake of providing more data points, there is a btrfs driver for UEFI bootloaders (afaik limited to read-only and can see only first volume of btrfs) and it works on my PC since that's bundled with rEFInd and I did try it on a btrfs opensuse install, and also for u-boot embedded bootloader (don't know the limitations, never used it myself, probably similar limitations)
    Apparently refind uses the btrfs implementation from grub2, but ported to work on the refind framework.
    I couldn't find any reference in the uboot tree for any btrfs support (though it does support ZFS).

    It went more or less hand-in-hand with the growth of low-storage mobile devices like tablets and such. High-speed Internet is not common enough for the pure cloud approach to work.

    But the big boost was when the integrated ARM cpu stopped sucking big way, and they started turning their NAS things into miniservers that could install "apps" to expand functionality. Synology (best brand for non-technical users imho) official app store for example (there are also unofficial stores of unofficial apps): https://www.synology.com/en-us/dsm/app_packages/all_app

    Others technically lower-end ones like Zyxel saw their NAS firmwares systematically hacked to add applications by third parties.
    Showing an uncommon level of intelligence for an embedded device manufacturer, they swiftly adopted the same method themselves integrating the package installer in the firmware and hosting repos of "official" packages (also letting easy modification of the repo list so adding third party repos is now easy).
    It's so crucial now that when the lead dev of the third party repo told them on their forums that a specific thing (a technicality, a compilation option in 64k instead of 4k or something in the kernel) in their newer devices firmware (a 4-disk NAS box) would make package mainteneance much harder for them, Zyxel capitulated within months and removed that.

    Afaik it's since their "OS6", released in 2013 that they use btrfs as default. Thay claim they use code from Oracle Linux, so their btrfs is safe and production-ready. I don't believe any of that after fun experiences with their older nas products that modified their firmware's mdadm so as to render impossible recovery of the data without another of their NAS, but hey.
    That makes a lot of sense. Thanks for the background.
    I can't believe that netgear was selling btrfs as a product three years ago
    Also, great story about how they, basically, made mdadm act like hardware raid (where, if your card goes down, you lose your array unless you can get an identical replacement card). I'm sure neil brown loved that
    This is a bit off topic but you seem to know a bit about these things, so I hope you don't mind if I ask you a question: I'm looking for a SMALL 4 bay nas case to store, occasional, backups from my main file/media server. It needs to be small b/c I'm going to store it in an out of the way place when not being used.
    I've been looking for a long time to find something like those synology/drobo/qnap/etc. cases but the ones I've found seem to have issues (either with cooling or reliability).
    Do you have any info that could be useful in this search?

    Best/Liam

    Leave a comment:


  • starshipeleven
    replied
    Originally posted by liam View Post
    To me, it suggests either: that dev is a superstar or btrfs is very easy to port to the interfaces windows provides.
    To be fair, there is always the third possibility: "the dev has bitten more than it can chew".

    Anyway, for the sake of providing more data points, there is a btrfs driver for UEFI bootloaders (afaik limited to read-only and can see only first volume of btrfs) and it works on my PC since that's bundled with rEFInd and I did try it on a btrfs opensuse install, and also for u-boot embedded bootloader (don't know the limitations, never used it myself, probably similar limitations)

    I wasn't aware that the home NAS market had seen a substantial increase in sales.
    It went more or less hand-in-hand with the growth of low-storage mobile devices like tablets and such. High-speed Internet is not common enough for the pure cloud approach to work.

    But the big boost was when the integrated ARM cpu stopped sucking big way, and they started turning their NAS things into miniservers that could install "apps" to expand functionality. Synology (best brand for non-technical users imho) official app store for example (there are also unofficial stores of unofficial apps): https://www.synology.com/en-us/dsm/app_packages/all_app

    Others technically lower-end ones like Zyxel saw their NAS firmwares systematically hacked to add applications by third parties.
    Showing an uncommon level of intelligence for an embedded device manufacturer, they swiftly adopted the same method themselves integrating the package installer in the firmware and hosting repos of "official" packages (also letting easy modification of the repo list so adding third party repos is now easy).
    It's so crucial now that when the lead dev of the third party repo told them on their forums that a specific thing (a technicality, a compilation option in 64k instead of 4k or something in the kernel) in their newer devices firmware (a 4-disk NAS box) would make package mainteneance much harder for them, Zyxel capitulated within months and removed that.

    It's also very surprising to hear that netgear uses btrfs. From their whitepaper it appears that they just started offering btrfs
    Afaik it's since their "OS6", released in 2013 that they use btrfs as default. Thay claim they use code from Oracle Linux, so their btrfs is safe and production-ready. I don't believe any of that after fun experiences with their older nas products that modified their firmware's mdadm so as to render impossible recovery of the data without another of their NAS, but hey.

    so I hope they actually contribute to its development.
    There is one netgear dev in btrfs mailing list, and something is being pushed by him every now and then. Not a major contributor, but they do have a token presence at least.
    http://www.mail-archive.com/search?a...s=&o=relevance

    Leave a comment:


  • liam
    replied
    Originally posted by starshipeleven View Post
    Well, in the page you linked they talked of the modifications they made to ZFS to make it portable. "They" is "the people of the open-zfs project", not the original devs nor Oracle.

    You can also see how they said their ZFS on OSX is mostly a copy-paste of the linux port with a bunch of minor wrappers and things, so what works on linux can be adapted relatively easily.

    Then again it's a wiki so it's probably 87% wrong and lacks 271% of information.
    OK, perhaps that wasn't the best source.

    If their readme is telling the truth, it's a complete rewrite https://github.com/maharmstone/btrfs So I don't think it will help much.
    To me, it suggests either: that dev is a superstar or btrfs is very easy to port to the interfaces windows provides.

    well, I think there is and will really remain quite a bit of grey area between single-disk consumer device <---> bigass SAN.

    Apart from usual server use where a SAN is beyond overkill, for example home NAS market has simply exploded in the last years, and btrfs there is VERY nice. Netgear uses it already in their NAS lines. Most commercial NAS devices offer similar easy setups as the usual cloud providers.
    I wasn't aware that the home NAS market had seen a substantial increase in sales.
    It's also very surprising to hear that netgear uses btrfs. From their whitepaper it appears that they just started offering btrfs, so I hope they actually contribute to its development.

    Let me please remind you that designing something that isn't doing something particularly new (there are implementations of all features it does already, in various different filesystems, also opensource) is easier than just dashing into the unknown.

    These devs had the luxury of doing "lesson-learned" design, seeing what other projects did and what went wrong. Not saying they copied, saying they learned from other's mistakes.

    Also as I said, making a filesystem that does not tackle RAID nor checksumming is very easymode.
    I completely agree that implementing system_x is much easier if it wholly consists of solved problems. Of course, we are talking about a fs, in this case. They are notoriously difficult to get right. F2FS isn't breaking any new ground and it is still in very active development.

    Leave a comment:

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