The NVIDIA 375.27.13 Linux driver is now available to replace the bugged NVIDIA 375.27.12 release from Monday. The only mentioned change is fixing the SteamVR shader issue.
This updated NVIDIA Vulkan beta driver is available from developer.nvidia.com.
Details on the breakage via this bug report. For more information on NVIDIA Linux SteamVR support, see 14-Way Intel/AMD Benchmarks On Ubuntu 17.04 + Linux 4.10.