Linux's Multi-Queue Block Code Still Presenting Some Performance Regressions
Written by Michael Larabel in Linux Storage on 11 August 2017 at 04:51 AM EDT. 13 Comments
LINUX STORAGE --
For those thinking of switching to the new multi-queue block layer, a.k.a. blk-mq, be forewarned that there are still some regressions outstanding.

Long story short, if moving to the multi-queue block layer there are throughput and latency problems still outstanding, which can come up with any of the blk-mq I/O schedulers and many of the commonly used file-systems.

In severe cases noted by Mel Gorman, blk-mq can be about 38% slower while other less severe regressions are also possible depending upon your system configuration. The MQ problems are outlined in this mailing list post.

There is a new patch series authored by Red Hat developers to fix the MQ performance regression, but this few hundred lines of code hasn't been merged to the mainline kernel and might not end up happening until Linux 4.14.

At present, with the upcoming Linux 4.13 kernel the plan is to use the multi-queue block layer by default.
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Michael Larabel is the principal author of Phoronix.com and founded the site in 2004 with a focus on enriching the Linux hardware experience. Michael has written more than 10,000 articles covering the state of Linux hardware support, Linux performance, graphics drivers, and other topics. Michael is also the lead developer of the Phoronix Test Suite, Phoromatic, and OpenBenchmarking.org automated benchmarking software. He can be followed via Twitter or contacted via MichaelLarabel.com.

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