Below is the original X Version 11 release announcement from 15
The X Window System, Version 11 Release 1 is now available. This release represents
a major redesign and enhancement of X and signals it's graduation from the research
community into the product engineering and development community. The X Window
System version 11 is intended to be able to support virtually all known instances
of raster display hardware and reasonable future hardware, including hardware
supporting deep frame buffers, multiple colormaps and various levels of hardware
Whereas the design and implementation of the first 10 versions
of X were primarily the work of three individuals, Robert Scheifler of the M.I.T.
Laboratory for Computer Science and Jim Gettys of Digital Equipment Corporation
and Ron Newman of M.I.T., both working at M.I.T.
Project Athena, X version 11 is the result of the efforts of literally dozens
of individuals at almost as many locations and organizations. At the risk of offending
some of the players by exclusion, several people deserve special credit and recognition.
First, Phil Karlton
and Scott McGregor, both of DEC, for their considerable contributions to the specification
of the version 11 protocol. Dave Rosenthal of Sun Microsystems also contributed
to the protocol and provided the sample generic color frame buffer ddx code. Sue
Drewry and Todd Newman of DEC's Western Software Laboratory, with Phil, have worked
long and hard to produce the sample server implementation. Our very deepest gratitude
to Todd Brunhoff who convinced his management at Tektronix to spare him for 6
months to be at Project Athena. Todd's system knowledge, his bag of tricks and
never-fading smile were essential in keeping the beta test alive. Bob Scheifler
remains the author, the final arbiter and the final decision maker for the X Protocol
itself, a job that has consumed significantly more time with the expansion of
the design community. Jim Gettys has allowed his arm to be twisted to continue
to be the principal architect, arbiter and implementor of Xlib long after he wanted
to move on to other tasks.
Many thanks to all the beta test sites who persevered and helped
us to achieve this milestone. Our enormous gratitude to Dave Rosenthal, Erik Fortune,
Raymond Drewry, Dave Gorgen and Al Mento who with us spent many late nights during
the past week merging sources, testing builds and revising documentation.
The full list of contributors who made this release possible is
very long. In order to avoid filling mail queue, the complete list is in the file
X11/doc/contributors. It is recommended reading.
This release is unique and perhaps historic in the computer industry
in that very nearly all of the code has been contributed by the workstation vendors
themselves. This release will run on the Digital VS-2, VS-2/RC, VS-2/GPX and VS-2000
under Ultrix 2.0, and 4.3BSD, most Sun Microsystems workstations with bw2 and
cg2/3/4/5 displays under 3.2, 3.4 and 4.0, Apollo Computer workstations under
SR9.5/6/7, and the IBM RT/PC with AED and APA16 under ACIS 4.3 (Not under AIX).
MIT does not "support" this distribution; however bugs and fixes and
new code are gratefully accepted.
To order a distribution, send a CHECK for U.S. $150 to:
MIT Microcomputer Center
77 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, Massachusetts, 02139
Purchase orders will NOT be accepted. The distribution will come
on a single 9 track 1600BPI tape written in Unix tar(1) format, along with a single
copy of printed documentation. Other distribution media or formats are NOT available.
Express mail shipment will be available at a surcharge; you should call the number
above if you desire this.
Distributions are also available from "zap.mit.edu"
(126.96.36.199) (for east-coasters) and decwrl.dec.com (188.8.131.52) (for west-coasters)
on the Internet, via anonymous FTP. The east-coast distribution will be moving
soon from 'zap.mit.edu' to 'athena-dist.mit.edu', so if zap is unavailable you
should try there.
Bug reports should be mailed to email@example.com. It would
be appreciated if you used the template in doc/bugs/bug-report.
As always, in the spirit under which X was developed and is distributed,
you are encouraged to write your own tools and share them if you think these clients
Ralph R. Swick
MIT Project Athena