The folks at LoveRPi.com recently sent over an Orange Pi One when they had also sent over the ODROID-C2 $40 64-bit ARM development board for review. Here are some benchmarks of the Orange Pi One compared to several other ARM boards.
The Orange Pi One is powered by an Allwinner H3 SoC that features four Cortex-A7 cores and ARM Mali graphics. The Orange Pi One has 512MB DDR3 RAM, one USB 2.0 port, 100M Ethernet, HDMI, TF card slot, and camera interface. For anyone wanting to turn an ARM SBC into a desktop or any heavy use-cases, the Orange Pi One would be a tough fit given the specs: the Raspberry Pi 3 is spec'ed even better than this board.
Among the Linux distributions supported by the Orange Pi One are Android, Debian 8, Raspbian, Lubuntu, Fedora 22, and OpenSUSE, among other possible options.
While the specifications on the Orange Pi One aren't anything exciting by today's standards, the price is competitive: $10 USD. This puts it with better specifications than the Raspberry Pi Zero while being just a few dollars more, or even the same price in some situations due to shipping/handling fees. So the Orange Pi One isn't fast, but it's cheap. The folks at LoverPi.com via their Amazon.com store are selling the Orange Pi One for $19.99 USD but that includes a heatsink for the Allwinner H3 SoC and a case with free PRIME shipping.
For putting the performance of the Orange Pi One into perspective with its Raspbian image, I compared the performance to the other ARM SBCs I benchmarked recently. That includes the Raspberry Pi Zero, Orange Pi PC, Orange Pi Plus, Raspberry Pi 2, Jetson TK1, Jetson TX1, Banana Pi M2, ODROID C1 Plus, PINE 64+ 1GB, Raspberry Pi 3, and ODROID-C2.
On the following pages are these benchmarks.