That's the key hardware/software information so let's move forward with the straightforward results. All benchmarking was handled via the Phoronix Test Suite software.
The XFS result doesn't appear valid for the Flexible I/O Tester, but between EXT4, Btrfs, ReiserFS, and JFS, the file-system maintained by Ted Ts'o was the fastest. EXT4 had a slight advantage over JFS while the slowest of the five open-source Linux file-systems was Btrfs.
While the JFS file-system isn't too common among Linux desktop users, it reportedly offered the best performance within FS-Mark. Between the other file-systems, XFS was the fastest for this Linux disk benchmark while Btrfs generally was close behind XFS. EXT4 was the slowest file-system for this test profile from the SATA 3.0 disk.